Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Analytical Framework Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Explanatory Framework - Essay Example The third segment of diagnostic system is the social evaluation network model. Each part of the social appraisal framework is fundamental in distinguishing different parts of articles. Posner builds up an article that talks about the current issue inside the US of regarding money related customers as consenting grown-ups. Distinguishing whether Posner’s article meets the rules of setting up social issues just as understanding them is just achievable through surveying the article utilizing the different strides in social appraisal process. Coming up next is a bit by bit investigation of Posner’s article. Bit by bit examination of Posner’s Article 1. Distinguishing proof of the key social issues important to the business While leading an article social appraisal the initial step is to recognize a portion of the key social issues straightforwardly connected to the business, which the writer has recorded. In this progression, all issues that influence activities of b usiness are incorporated while those that are excessively enormous or efficient for the business to cause an important impact are rejected. Posner distinguishes changes social issues that straightforwardly influences tasks of business. The main issue distinguished by Posner is purchaser conduct. Purchaser conduct is an essential idea in seeing how buyers buy or customer certain items. Posner’s ID of shopper conduct depends on monetary items. ... Credibility of articles is estimated from the different wellsprings of data that a specialist applied in accumulating the data. Posner, in his endeavor to build up a bona fide, substantial, and solid article gets information and data from various sources. For example, Posner utilizes the Treasury Department as one of the wellspring of data in building up the article. As per the writer, Treasury Department’s declaration that there ought to be utilization of genuine information about how individuals settle on money related choices to create oversight shopper account is a fundamental wellspring of data that helps in building up a bona fide article. Also, Posner utilizes articulations and statements from, unmistakable people, for example, Elizabeth Warren, Richard Thaler, and Robert Shiller. Different sources incorporate recently done articles, for example, the Journal of Economic Perspective and National Bureau of Economic Research Paper. 3. Primer Classification and Prioritizati on of Issues This progression requires lessening the quantity of issues to reasonable size. In the wake of recognizing customer conduct in regard to buying money related items just as reserve funds, Posner limits the conversation to consumers’ conduct towards buying monetary items. Narrowing down to this social issue gives sufficient existence to give a basic assessment of the equivalent. 4. Estimating Current Performance Relative to Key Social Issues In endeavors to take care of issues or social issues recognized, it is of hugeness when the analyst quantifies the current execution comparative with the key social issues. While utilizing direct technique for estimations, Posner recognizes the way that as of now there has been poor utilization of money related item because of inadequate

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Operations management Essay

Q.1. Talk about Bill Jones and his way to deal with computerization looked at others? Activities the executives as applied by Bill Jones ways to deal with computerization helped increment creation and lift the representatives spirit and along these lines attributed his way to deal with be emulated.â He shown the best rule of the board dependent on the capacity to bring laborers, administrators and machines together to build creation at Cambria steelton industry. He was an accomplished caring pioneer who was advanced from his notoriety of building the heaters at Chattaniooga in Tennessee.â He was of solid character which assisted him to mix corporate objectives with those of his laborers along these lines creating achievement consistently. Plus, he accepted that the steel business required key consistent consecutive redesigning andâ propelled men to labor for eight hours just rather than the standard 12 hours which he considered as ruthless and counter profitable to the industry.â This was anyway conversely with the greater part of different pioneers who demanded full abuse of the 12 hours robotization arrangement of the steel organization (Gerald, 1981).â His activity the board style superimposed on him being a network man earned him the core of numerous which went about as inspiration to them. The representatives related to him so much that they were refereed to as Jones boys.â He was once in a while observed eating peanuts and smoking stogies in the city of Braddock.â He demanded for the 12 hours working span because of his adoration and liberality that caused him to contribute uninhibitedly to the society.â Besides he was human enough in that by believing the working hours to be eight, the laborers would be associated with other valuable ways for their lives like games which was exceptionally useful to the business however indirectly.â He depended on advancements from inside the organization as the representatives having served under him had the significant experience to run various areas (Gerald, 1981). He urged advancements and enhancements to build creation from the company.â He started the utilization of the utilization of the bigger blenders which took into account persistent progression of the fluid pig iron.â Also, he developed the utilization of steel rushes in rail lodging that raised the quality of the iron items made in the company.â subsequently, this guaranteed ceaseless creation and handling of steel in the organization during and after his administration period. Bill Jones activity the executives dependent on the conviction of cautious choice of the men he utilized, helped him helped him to expand creation as he worked with advancement arranged individuals just in the company.â He joined the activity of the machines with the high inspiration of the representatives to build the production.â He emphasized that the point of the firm was to stay with the running steadily.â Therefore he experienced less obstruction from the representatives as far as businesses claims and workaholic behavior which expanded the organization creation (Gerald, 1981). Because of his administration approaches and connection to his consolidated computerization mode, different pioneers contrasted with him.â Carnegie attempted to pressurize Bill Jones to receive the 12 hours framework and lessen the utilization of machines which Jones excused as maltreatment for humanity.â This mode anyway had prompted the showings on workaholic behavior and less compensation due yo diminished creation from the system.â As Jones hate the utilization of trade guilds for supporting the representatives rights, Carnegie picked to haggle with them and had incredible triumphs in his creation mode. Morel desire like Jones, had confidence in mix of machines and experienced individuals to have the option to expand the creation of the company.â He had a caring demeanor towards the representatives and empowered morals in the work p;lace where the representatives didn't need to work for the entire long eight hours for the representatives to be motivated.â He likewise energized the slow acquaintance of the machines with the organization for improvement.â Morrell created and formed John Fritz based on Engineering and mechanization which later earned him the name â€Å"dean of steel makers† (Gerald, 1981). Talk about why stock control is vital to lean? Stock control is critical to lean as it goes about as the check and the primary determinant of the movement of a people business.â This technique calls work of the fundamental standards of logical administration and better representative advantages to accomplish high consumer loyalty for the company.â It is the principle device for achievement in business having been received by enormous effective organizations like Ford assembling and Toyota.â â Inventory control and lean practices involves cautious thought of the clients necessities and want as the key component for the accomplishment of the business.â Inventory along these lines as Heinz demonstrates, is the proportion of the proficiency after the quality requests of the client have been met.â The representatives must comprehend the activity arrangement of the lean way of thinking for better application (Gerald, 1981). Heinz includes that in this mode, the organization must pick the market wherein he will gracefully his merchandise for progress to be achieved.â The stock must be attached to and imagined in dollars to build the creation and lessen the overhead costs.â Then the directors pay rates ought to be identified with the squandered stock dollars for the lean assembling to succeed.â Big organizations supervisors may free the vibe of stock yet littler organizations keep their inventories cautiously and allude to them as dollars and consequently progress quicker as they oversee leanly their assembling framework. The stock procedure thusly reveals to you the degree of productivity you are working on and in this manner help you in settling on various prompt choices that are intended to assist your business with growing in the event that it had bottle necks.â To add to that, these inventories help the administrators distinguish the issues well ahead of time in this way being enough prepared for to handle them. Heinz shows that â€Å"hedge inventories are manufactured in view of poor performance†. â€Å"Decision making on sketchy items must be made quickly† (Gerald, 1981). The flexibly of the crude materials into the organization for making the items is a piece of the organization business activities.â Lean requires abundant gracefully of crude materials in the creation line and resulting market assurance to improve the exit of the items at the ideal prices.â Physical stock in this way helps to address the issue of the provisions in the organization by earlier expectation of the patterns. Heinz demands that, â€Å"you can never run lean without a decent flexibly chain of your company† Furthermore, stock guarantees that dynamism in the client necessities are anything but difficult to manage therefore changing of items should be possible rapidly without losing the market.â It guarantees that the workers are adaptable in their activities through appropriate planning.â Mr. Heinz had utilized no tooling yet needed to change to various food items rapidly through abundant arranging and adaptability of the workers. For fruitful shelter be acknowledged sufficient gracefully of work must be accessible in the creation and flexibly unit.â Temporary and low maintenance workers ought to be locked in as they increment the adaptability of the organization in the midst of the creation swings as various occasions of the year.â Therefore area on places with insufficient flexibly like significant towns would help enormously expand the productivity of the lean.â Heinz utilized huge quantities of ladies on impermanent and low maintenance premise to increase the creation contrasts at different periods.  â â â â â â â â Inventory control thusly under the vision for excellent aides in actualizing the lean way of thinking. Analyze the methodology of Charles Schwab at Bethelem Steel to Edison on advancement? Charles Schwab varied with Edison on the activity the board in the steel organization for development intensive advancement (Gerald, 1981).â â Though both of their methodologies were planned for expanding creation their assorted variety came about to the changing creation levels. Charles accepted that men are driven by rivalry while the business is driven by collaboration and along these lines guaranteed that client suppler agreeable system was maintained.â Through this methodology Charles had the option to wonder may with regards to the technique he used to gain admittance to the huge dynamic market.â Even the inward relationship of the workers rotated on the representative companion transport who were the key columns to gracefully in the organization (Gerald, 1981). Edison then again accepted available driven powers to pick up the market through the powers of interest and supply.â He similarly succeeded however his levels were lower than those of Charles.â Charles takes note of that the creation was passed through duty and comprehension between the workers and the administration. The two of them accepted that work and the board must go connected at the hip for the consistency of the work to be maintained.â Though this was somewhat visionary,â it was accomplished with more noteworthy fulfillment to the representatives who were ensured their wages and pay rates in the creation line and along these lines improved their assurance for more production.â Charles demanded that manual prizes ought to be founded on the benefit of the creation system.â This improves the nature of items just as the government assistance of the employees.â Edison then again demanded utilization of Bonuses and Employees rewards which additionally raised the spirit of the workers in the company.â Though the two strategies improved the pace of creation from the representatives, the later framework might be difficult to set up and is available to biasness (Gerald, 1981). Charles simply like Edison put firmly in the workers and accepted that the chiefs must assume a fatherly job by ensuring and building up the employees.â They accepted that the representatives we

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Program Assistant Introduction Elaine Kubik COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

Program Assistant Introduction Elaine Kubik COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog While I wrapped up the Admissions Office PA introductions a couple weeks ago, we do have a new addition to the team. Elaine Kubik  is  a program assistant for the MPA-DP program. Elaine  helps the MPA-DP  team with marketing and bringing great speakers to campus. If you have any questions about the MPA-DP program feel free to reach out to her at Elaine Kubik is a second year MPA-Development Practice candidate at SIPA. She is focusing her studies on corporate social responsibility and examining how private sector companies can contribute to the growth of developing countries. Elaine was born in Panama and raised all over the world as a military dependent.  Prior to SIPA Elaine worked for five years in both the public and private sectors in marketing and communications. Upon graduating Elaine hopes to work with private companies in increasing the sustainability of their products and their commitment to their communities. You can follow her on Twitter at @elainekubik. In a brief QA for the Admissions Blog, she had this to share: What attracted you to SIPA and Columbia University? The MPA-Development Practice curriculum was the perfect blend of foundational, required courses and opportunity to take elective courses. The first year was spent focusing heavily on economics, health policy, food policy and learning about the different intersections of development in terms of programs and policies. Now, in my second year I’m able to hone in on my interests and build out my skillset in a specific area. What has been the best part of your SIPA experience? One of the best parts of my SIPA experience has been the MPA-DP summer placement. In the summer of 2015 I was able to go to Maseru, Lesotho and work with a global health organization on their HIV programs. It’s one thing to learn about health policies and programs at school, but it’s another thing to be on the ground and helping to implement it. Did you choose to attend SIPA to change careers, or to gain experience in a career path you already had experience in? I chose to pursue a graduate degree because I wanted to advance in my career and make a slight change in my professional direction. I was heavily focused on marketing communications before SIPA and I knew I wanted to get into the world of development. The MPA-DP program is making this possible and I’ll have the network connections to get the right position afterwards. SIPA features lots of events for students to attend. Is there any interesting presentation that you have attended that you could comment upon? It’s so easy to have a jam-packed schedule! There are many opportunities to attend workshops or attend a speaker event. The most memorable events have been hearing Michael Kimmel speak about masculinities and attending a mobile data collection workshop facilitated by the same team that did contract tracing for Ebola at The Earth Institute. Have you taken classes at other Columbia Schools? My schedule for my second year has been much more flexible and I’m able to take a class at Columbia Business School. It’s a great course on negotiations and the course has a great blend of lecture and role-plays. Soon we’ll have a large group negotiation with the negotiation students at the Columbia Law School. What was the most challenging aspect of the application process? One of the most challenging parts was getting the recommendations. Throughout the entire graduate application process and even scholarship/fellowship applications, it’s easy to teeter on the edge of burning out your recommenders. It’s a tricky process to maintain the relationship and also satisfy the requirements (and large quantities) of applications. [Photo courtesy of Elaine Kubik]

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Correlation Between Gang And Gang Delinquency - 1832 Words

Introduction When potential gang members become exposed to certain life situations they have a higher risk of joining a gang. When someone joins a gang they become susceptible to partaking in actions that they would not normally do. This paper will give some idea of what a gang is and describe some factors that can motivate a person to get involved with a gang. It will also explain the problem associated with an increase of gang member activity that result of a higher gang homicide. The data will show that the estimated number of gangs was at a high, then that number trended downward. Finally the number has risen to the present and has steadily plateaued at the high. In this report I will explain the relative correlation of the†¦show more content†¦Part of the problem is that in the large major cities youngsters who are suffering from boredom, despair, and poverty can easily be enticed into the idea of being part of a gang. With these ideas of involvement, it is increasing the gang membership in larger cities. Studies have shown an increase in gang involvement since 2003 but now is stabilizing. This is a growing problem because if we do not increase activities such as prevention groups or getting the police involved in community programs in cities encouraging youth participation it could begin to rise again over a few more years. Police need to not be just a figure in a uniform, but get involved and let youth and adults know that the figure in the uniform is a person who cares about them and the community. What is a gang and what do they do? There are many definitions for what a gang is. According to The National Gang Center website, one definition of a gang is a group of youngsters or adolescents who associate closely, often exclusively, for social reasons, especially a group engaging in delinquent behavior such as a gang of thieves. Some factors that make a gang a gang are that the group has three or more members, generally aged 12–24, the members share an identity, typically linked to a name, and often other symbols. The members view themselves as a gang, and they are recognized by others as a gang. The group has some permanence and a degree of organization and the group is involved in an elevated levelShow MoreRelatedCorrelation Between Gang And Gang Delinquency1859 Words   |  8 PagesWhen potential gang members become exposed to certain life situations they have a higher risk of joining a gang. When someone joins a gang they become susceptible to partaking in actions that they would not normally do. This paper will give some idea of what a gang is and describe some factors that can motivate a person to get involved with a gang. It will also explain the problem associated with an increase of gang member activity that result of a higher gang homicide. The data will show that theRead MoreSummary : Youth Gang And Violence1615 Words   |  7 PagesIskuhi Kalantaryan Juvenile Delinquency Sunday, March 27, 2016 Analytic Essay Youth Gang and Violence Delinquent Behavior â€Å"Gang† â€Å"Youth Gang† and â€Å"Street Gang† are just labels used to describe young people consisting of three or more individuals organized to achieve a typical objective and who share a common identity. There is no single and universally accepted definition of gang, gang member and gang activities in the United States, howeverRead MoreLife Of A Gang : Youth853 Words   |  4 PagesLife in a Gang Youth are exposed to gang life at an early age, sometimes as early as 10 or 11 years old. Observing older and respected gang members can often lead to impressions among youth that lead them to believe gang life is the way to gain access to things such as status, money and prestige. Research states that older more established gang members will utilize youth to their advantage by having them steal for the gang, buy and sell drugs, carry weapons and commit other crimes in hopes to evadeRead MoreThe Problem Of Violence And Violence1702 Words   |  7 Pagesthe UK’s Government has reviewed the existence of gangs and the extent of violence caused by these gangs. An intensive prevention strategy has been put into place and has been running for a small number of years. Failing to evaluate the effectiveness of the project; the Home Office have spent over  £10 million on their ‘Ending Gang and Youth Violence’ programme (House of Commons, 2017). It is paramount that a u nified definition of the term ‘gangs’ is understood by the Home Office and Police forcesRead MoreYouth Gangs And The Cognitive And Social Learning Theory1850 Words   |  8 PagesAbstract: This paper will discuss the correlation of youth gangs and how the cognitive and social learning theory comes in to play, and why female and male juveniles end up in the system. It will touch bases on how youth surroundings have a lot to do with the decisions they choose to make and the life style they end up living. Gangs usually recruit youth off the street, if a child sees that being a part of a gang is an everyday thing and is normal then they will be influenced more to do that. TheRead MoreAlbert Cohen And The Chemical Warfare Service868 Words   |  4 Pagescriminological scholar was distinguished and he received numerous awards for his work. His most substantial contributions to the field related to his assessment of classism, delinquency, and gang culture. These are signi ficant phenomena in the modern criminological landscape. Cohen’s best known works include his analysis of gang subculture and criminal organization subcultures. Mutchnick et al., (1990), suggested Cohen’s works as a modern criminologist, was adept at synthesizing different theoriesRead MoreGang Membership: Risk Factors for Joining and Effects on Offending Trajectories2261 Words   |  10 PagesRisk factors for gang membership have been identified at five major levels: individual, family, school, peers and community (Howell Egley, 2005). For example, at the individual level early onset of delinquency and antisocial behavior among pre-adolescents could be an indication of future criminality (Moffitt, 1993). Risk factors within peer association can have an effect on whether an adolescent becomes a member of a gang. These peers may provide antisocial views, aggressive influences and possiblyRead MoreThe Relationship between Delinquency and Drug Use2005 Words   |  9 PagesThe Relationship between Delinquency and Drug UseIn m y attempt to discover if delinquency and drug use, or the sale of drugs were correlated with one another, my research lead to a positive correlation, especially when there was gang membership involved. The theory I have chosen to tie in with my review of the articles I found is the social learning theory of Edwin Sutherland known as differential association theory. According to Britannica online, Sutherland s differential association theory ofRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Monster 1063 Words   |  5 Pages Straight Outta South Central Why is gang affiliation such an alluring, appealing lifestyle? Admittedly, the appeal is conceivable. Watching Boyz in the Hood or listening to hip-hip may cause some to think, â€Å"I can live that life,† but thought does not turn into action while others never formulate such a thought. This raises the question, why does Monster Kody Scott, consider devout gang membership as a sole objective despite constant contingencies of incarceration and demise? To answer this questionRead MoreCauses And Consequences Of Juvenile Delinquency Essay1657 Words   |  7 PagesCauses of Juvenile Delinquency Delinquent behavior has been a serious and expensive problem in American society for a prolonged period of time. Although the delinquency rate has declined, it is still one of the highest in comparison to other countries in the world. Discovering a single cause of juvenile delinquency is difficult, but there is no doubt that a combination of various theories and factors could point researchers in the right direction of establishing a source. Theory and research

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Plachimada Case Study - 13995 Words

International Environmental Law Research Centre LEGAL IMPLICATIONS OF PLACHIMADA A CASE STUDY Sujith Koonan IELRC WORKING PAPER 2007 - 05 This paper can be downloaded in PDF format from IELRC’s website at International Environmental Law Research Centre International Environment House Chemin de Balexert 7, 1219 Chà ¢telaine Geneva, Switzerland TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION I. II. THE BACKGROUND LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK A. B. C. III. Analysis of Pollution Control Laws Institutions: Powers and Failures The Role of the Panchayat 1 1 2 2 4 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 11 12 12 14 14 15 17 PLACHIMADA IN THE KERALA HIGH COURT A. B. Background of the Case Principles in the†¦show more content†¦The Hindustan Coca Cola Company set up a plant in this district in the year 2000. The plant occupies an area of around 34 acres of land. This land had been classified ‘arable’ by the Government of India. Quite naturally, the site of the plant is surrounded by a number of water reservoirs and canals built for irrigation.1 Plachimada village of Perumatty panchayat in Chittoor taluk is a small hamlet in Palakkad district. It is also home to several scheduled caste and scheduled tribe populations. The villagers are predominantly landless, illiterate, agricultural labourers. Almost 80 per cent of the population depends upon agriculture for their livelihood. Hence, it is most likely that, the location of an industrial plant, which consumes water heavily, in a socially and economically backward, in a region that is agricultural but drought prone would result in serio us adverse implications to the life and the environment. The people of Plachimada started to suffer adversities within six months after the Company started its activities. It was reported that the salinity and hardness of the water had risen. Apart from the increase in salinity and hardness, the water from some open wells and shallow bore wells nearby was alleged to have an extremely 1 The site is located barely three kilometers to the north of the Meenakkara Dam reservoir and a few hundred meters west of the Kambalathara andShow MoreRelatedThe Consumption Of Bottled Water1716 Words   |  7 PagesRussia and Czech Republic in the coming years. Nevertheless, manufacturing bottled water and the process of extraction comes at a price, which is shown in the Plachimada case. In 2000, Coca- Cola under its Indian subsidiary Hindustan Coca Cola Beverages Private Limited, started operations for a bottling plant in the village of Plachimada. Over the next few years, residents in the area, mainly ingenious groups and farmers complained about the water containing toxins. According to the villagers theRead MoreCsr Strategy Analysis Of Coca Cola Company1861 Words   |  8 Pagesfight through their active engagement in health campaigns such as the fight against obesity. Coca-Cola opted to substitute some of their soft drinks for healthier beverages such as Coke Zero and Diet Coke (Coca Cola 5). The company also funds health studies. Coca-Cola also responds to local health-related initiatives such as HIV/AIDS prevention, Malaria treatment and prevention, especially in Africa and Latin America (Securities and Exchange Commission 34). Entertainment. Coca-Cola is an active participantRead MoreComprehensive Health Data Breach Response Plan906 Words   |  4 Pagessee CSR as the voluntary actions that business can take, over and above compliance with minimum legal requirements, to address both its own compe55ve interests and the interests of wider society’. (UK Government) Corporate Social Responsibility Case Study: Coca Cola India Coca cola drink was invented by Dr. John Smith Pemberton, a pharmacist in 1886, Atlanta, Georgia in the USA. He used extracts of Kola nuts hence the name Coca. The business was later bought out, together with all its competitorsRead MoreCoca Col India And The Difficulties Faced By It Essay1246 Words   |  5 PagesCOCA-COLA IN INDIA INTRODUCTION This case study is about Coca-Cola in India and the difficulties faced by it in the different parts of India, especially in the south India region (Kerala).In 2006-2007, the main problem arose when the bottling plants of the company found with pesticides in its water used for manufacturing its products. Testing was taken place to check the issues regarding pesticides by an environmental group, the centre for science and environment (CSE) and after hard-core searchRead MoreGround Water Depletion6229 Words   |  25 PagesA Ground Water Depletion Hp Ground Water Depletion in India A study on the ground water depletion across the World ,specifically in India. The causes of depletion,current scenario and the way forward Krishnapriya J 12HS60006 MHRM, IIT Kharagpur 11/11/2012 1 Table of Contents 1. ABSTRACT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 2. OBJECTIVES OF THE TERM PAPER-----------------------------------------------------4 3. REVIEW OF LITERATURE--Read MoreGround Water Depletion6229 Words   |  25 PagesA Ground Water Depletion Hp Ground Water Depletion in India A study on the ground water depletion across the World ,specifically in India. The causes of depletion,current scenario and the way forward Krishnapriya J 12HS60006 MHRM, IIT Kharagpur 11/11/2012 1 Table of Contents 1. ABSTRACT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 2. OBJECTIVES OF THE TERM PAPER-----------------------------------------------------4 3. REVIEW OF LITERATURE--Read MoreCoca Cola Business Strategy2497 Words   |  10 Pagescontinue work at the bottling plant, the company must find alternative sources of water, but this is a tall order in an area which has suffered two dry years and has gone months without rain. The court ruled that extraction of the ground water at Plachimada village, even up to the limit admitted by the company, was illegal. The company had no right to extract this much natural wealth and the panchayat (local authority) and the government was bound to prevent it. The court found that ground water wasRead MoreStandardization of Products in the International Marketplace Essay1987 Words   |  8 Pagesof each market place by investigating on two real case studies; Starbucks and EuroDisney. Secondly this article discusses in regards to the opening of foreign investments in India and the on how companies compete in the Indian market place with the help of Coke Pepsi case study and the Fair and Lovely case study. The case studies are analyzed and compared by applying elements of the international marketing task diagram (Cateora et. al, 2012). Case 1 and 2: Starbucks and EuroDisney. ‘As current marketsRead MoreCoca Cola4011 Words   |  17 Pageshas raised issues because of Coke’s use of the water supply of nearby villages. Amit Srivastaba, of the India Resource Center, a center that works to support movements against corporate globalization in India said, Three communities in India — Plachimada in Kerala, Wada in Maharashtra and Mehdiganj in Uttar Pradesh — are experiencing severe water shortages as a result of Coke s mining of the majority of the common groundwater resources around its facilities (KillerCoke).† One of their issues comesRead MoreCase Studies of Business Ethics Corporate Governance3354 Words   |  14 PagesAn Assignment of Business Ethics amp; Corporate Governance CASE STUDIES Module I BHOPAL GAS TRAGEDY December 3, 2009, marked the 25th anniversary of the worlds worst ever industrial disaster - the gas leak that occurred at Union Carbide India Ltds (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh, India). The tragedy that instantly killed more than 3,000 people and left thousands injured and affected for life, occurred when water entered Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) storage tank No. 610

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Adapting materials Free Essays

Adoption Concerns with whole course books. Adaptation Concerns the parts that make up that whole. A process of matching To maximize the appropriate of teaching materials In context. We will write a custom essay sample on Adapting materials or any similar topic only for you Order Now Evaluation for adapting materials An exercise to help to develop insights into different views of language and learning into the principle of materials design. Process of adaptation -Internal factors (what the material offers) Content Organization consistency Choice of topics Skills covered Proficiency level Grading of exercise External factors (what we have) Learner characteristics Physical environment Resources Class size Reasons for adapting Aim to make the materials more communicative and authentic Aspects of language use Skills Classroom organization Supplementary materials Principles and procedures -Adding, including expanding (qualitative) and extending (quantitative) Materials are supplemented by putting more into them. Extensions of an existing aspect of content and bringing a qualitative and quantitative change. Expanding adds methodology by moving outside It and impotent. Deleting or omitting Reducing the length of materials as subtracting from it. Small scale-over part of an exercise Large scale-whole unit of a course book Modifying An internal change in the approach or focus of an exercise. Rewriting modify linguistic content and make it more communicative relate activities more closely to learners’ own backgrounds and interests introduce models of authentic language set more purposeful tasks Restructuring classroom management design interactive exercise based on number of students and size of class Simplifying One type of modification, a ‘rewriting’ activity. Simplify instructions and explanation of exercises and activities and as well as layout of activities To make it becomes easier to be understood Simplification of content and the ways in which that content is presented This technique is mostly use for to reading passages to change various sentence-bound elements to match text more closely to the proficiency level of a particular group of learners. – One can simplify according to Sentence structure. Sentence length is reduced Complex sentence is rewritten as a number of simpler ones. Lexical content Number of new vocabulary items is controlled. Grammatical structures Passives are converted to actives. Reordering Adjusting the sequence of presentation within a unit. Taking units in a different sequence from that originally intended. Separating items of content from each other Regrouping them and putting them together Conclusion work more relevant to the learners. Reference McCullough, J. Shaw, C. (2003). Materials and methods in LET. (2nd De. ). Australia: Backfill Publishing. How to cite Adapting materials, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Effects Of Crisis On Human Functioning - Crisis Intervention Strategi

Question: Discuss about theCrisis Intervention. Answer: Introduction: A crisis is a condition in which a person experiences an abrupt loss of ability to use problem solving and life skills. There are some events that can be considered crisis situations. These events include life-threatening conditions such as sexual assault, natural disasters, medical illnesses, criminal victimization, thoughts of suicide and changes in relationships. Geral Caplan defined crisis as an obstacle that cannot be overcome by the use of standard problem-solving methods (Kanel, 2015). That said, crisis intervention is a method that is used to give a short term instant help to people who are experiencing distressful events that lead to emotional, physical, mental and behavioral problems. Mostly, crisis affects everyone, and its intervention can be done in many ways including the following: Use of professional counseling, providing family help and support strategies (Blalock, 2014). These policies aim at assisting the client to manage crisis which may otherwise lead to behavior al, psychological and physiological effects of trauma on the person and the environment. Effects of Crisis on Human Functioning Crisis is associated with the disruption of human behavior and how an individual perceives and respond to a situation. According to Murphy et al., (2012) the consequences of the crisis on human functioning are classified as either immediate or long term. The immediate effects of the crisis are devastating. Such effects include the development of stressful conditions that contributes to the inability of an individual to make decisions, failure to act normally and lack the capacity to sustain life. That said, the fear of the unknown may deter a person in a crisis from asking support from other individuals and colleagues. Also, illness may set in due to changes in the eating and sleeping patterns (Jongsma, 2012). Depression that develops due to a crisis may also lead to suicidal thoughts and withdrawal. If not managed early, the stress-related crisis may become severe and consequently result in long-term impacts such as poor life decisions, avoidance of relationship, insomnia, chronic p hysical pain, lack of self-confidence as well as eating disorders. Basic Crisis Intervention Strategies According to Myer and James (2005), there are nine crisis intervention strategies. To begin with, the skills for listening and responding to clients are considered the backbone of these strategies. Notably, use of these strategies depends heavily on the context of events. Such plans include creating awareness to make the client familiar with the repressed and denied feelings, behaviors, and thoughts that have put them on the action. Secondly, giving clients the opportunity to vent thoughts and feeling is considered one of the best therapeutic strategies for use in a crisis situation. This remedy is achieved by giving the client a safe and an accepting environment; an indication of an acceptance of the clients feelings and thoughts. In the third strategy providing support to the client is the point of focus (James, Gilliland 2012). Also, it is important to validate the clients response to her situation. Consequently, this process should avoid an impression that the caregiver supports lethal or injurious behaviors. In the fourth strategy, increasing the expansion by engaging the client in actions which may help them expand how they view the situation is the priority. In this way, the clients can reconsider their problems and obtain a different view of the situation. The fifth strategy involves emphasizing focus to prevent the client from talking about many issues in their life which are irrelevant to the current situation. Again, the provision of direction is vital in this situation. It is widely accepted that the clients in crisis need guidance and direction. Through this, you empower the client by giving them the information they did not have before. The next strategy involves promotion of mobilization which the caregiver attempts to organize the clients personal resources and to apply external support systems to help in developing coping skills. The implementing order is the eighth and equally a critical strategy. In this case, the client is assisted to categorize problems to help deal with the crisis in a logical and systematic manner. Finally, provision of protection is a key strategy in the dealing with an emergency situation. The role of the worker, in this case, is to prevent the client from developing harmful, detrimental, destructive and unsafe feelings that may harm others (James, 2008). The Seven Tasks Hybrid Crisis Intervention Model In the process of crisis intervention, seven critical stages are used to master, resolve and to stabilize the crisis. According to Myer, James Moulton (2010) these steps in crisis intervention include contract initiation, crisis definition, giving support, exploring alternatives, developing an action plan, obtaining commitments and doing a follow-up. The individual steps involved in the seven task hybrid system of crisis intervention are outlined as below: Contact initiation; in a crisis, building a rapport with the client is very essential. It is the first part in crisis management. It should be done as quickly as possible to allow the caregiver to develop a relationship with the person in a crisis. It also helps establish an effective mode of communication with the client. In this process, the worker develops a good understanding of the situation and creates clients needs. Importantly, the patients safety and lethality are assessed at this stage. A quick and extensive biophysical assessment is also done to identify the stressors, substance use, medications, medical issues and the current management strategies. In case there is a concern on suitability, it is important to find out what thoughts might the reasons behind these feelings; find out on the intention, how advance is the intention, current plans, past attempts to commit suicide as well as other predisposing factors such as social isolation, employment problems, divorce and us e of drugs of abuse. Problem identification; when finding out what the details about the problem, a discussion is initiated to determine the clients feeling about their situation hence helping the worker develop a more understanding of the crisis. Establishing the needs of the client and the level of effect from the crisis also takes place at this stage. In the course of problem identification, many questions are asked to find out why the crisis happened, what other problems the client is undergoing. Again, problem identification is also necessary as it helps the worker to categorize the problems and determine which one to start with. Giving support; it is important to act on the crisis as soon as possible, giving support to the client involves providing social, psychological, logistical as well as support for information about the crisis. In this process the client is given a chance to talk, to listen and to be heard. Their feelings should be understood hence determining their needs and providing the best support. To achieve this, active listening, as well as other skills such as reflective listening and paraphrasing, is vital Exploring alternatives; developing options that can help improve the situation in a better way is one an important step in the management of a crisis. The worker and the client reach an agreement on better methods of improving the condition. This process involves brainstorming sessions on possibilities of using the solutions used to solve the situation in the past. Other alternative needs of the client such as therapy, medication treatment resource and need to join support groups are assessed. Action plan; an action plan is an essential process in ensuring that the corrective actions are implemented, and the recurrence of the problem is prevented. It involves a transition from crisis to a resolution. Assisting the client through the crisis helps in faster recovery. It also imparts in them life skills on how to overcome a similar situation in future. Commitment; commitment to solving the crisis is vital in crisis management. The client needs to commit on their willingness to embrace the provided support. This puts the client in a better position to cope with the situation. Follow up; monitoring the effectiveness of the proposed action should be done promptly. It helps keep live communication with the client to help identify and address clients challenges before they worsen. Follow-up can be done in many ways; a post-crisis evaluation assesses the clients current situation, progress and how satisfied the client is with management. Either personal visits or phone calls at a particular interval (Myer, James Moulton, 2010). Analysis of the Seven Task Hybrid Model The seven stages are sequential, and they overlap in the process of resolving a crisis. The tasks are done in numerical order beginning from the first to the last job. Also, this task can be done in order that depends on the status of the crisis. The primary objective is to do a cause analysis leading to effective management of the problem and developing a sustainability plan to prevent recurrence of the similar crisis. In the hybrid model, the assessment of the situation and the status of the client is a continuous process that runs through the entire duration of the crisis period. In the process, the psychologist spearheads a continuous risk assessment with emphasis on how the client responds to the crisis and the environment. The hybrid model is characterized with rational evaluation and decision making. This assessment focuses on the challenges that the client face as a result of the severity of the crisis. This model allows for a detailed interaction with the patient to understa nd clients situation including psychosocial status, support systems, coping skills and alternative methods (Myer, James Moulton, 2010). Notably, in this model, the emphasis is put on urgency, assertiveness, intentionally, complete assessment, and acting in a systematic way to assist the client to obtain pre-crisis equilibrium autonomy and mobility as quick as possible. In the process of identifying clients state, the antonyms; disequilibrium and immobility are use in many cases to explain clients state. Though the hybrid equilibrium model has been used for a while, its implementation has faced particular problems, one major problem faced is related to the fact that crisis is linear. In many cases, crisis intervention is associated with chaos theory in which resolving the crisis using the progressive linear plan is not easily done. As a result, the combined linear model with the systems model (Mayer, James Moulton, 2011), the hybrid model is a better method for crisis intervention. Also, the strict linear model needs to have each step discrete and sequential from one step to another while using certain techniques in every step; crisis intervention is characterized by unexpected issues which challenge the discrete and stepwise techniques. Conclusion Summing up, crisis intervention models exist in many versions. All patterns in crisis intervention are guided by a particular theory. The models used in crisis intervention take into consideration problem-solving processes which can be used to do an assessment on any crisis (James, 2013). The Seven Tasks of Assessment model of crisis intervention is used to evaluate clients in crisis. The model provides a support technique which helps client to determine and manage crisis situations. In this model, it is important for the person in crisis to cooperate and participate to ensure the success of the process. References Blalock, D. (2014).SCPHCA Conference. Retrieved August 31, 2016, from James, R. (2008). Crisis intervention strategies 6 th edition. Belmont, CA: Thomson. James, R. K., Gilliland, B. E. (2012).Crisis intervention strategies(7th ed.). Retrieved August 31, 2016, from model must be by Myer, James and Moultonsource=blots=_nd5k0u5Lssig=O5rHIm8FLi9UBYmajuB1L3gqX4Ehl=ensa=Xredir_esc=y#v=onepageq=hybrid model must be by Myer, James and Moultonf=false Jongsma, A. E. (2012).The crisis counseling and traumatic events treatment planner(2nd ed.). Retrieved August 31, 2016, from, R. A., James, R. K., Moulton,source=blots=q2VvrDuMi6sig=HQekHvcUXXginrU_xLJ1lTAPydYhl=ensa=Xredir_esc=y#v=onepageq=Myer, R. A., James, R. K., Moulton,f=false Kanel, K. (2015).A guide to crisis intervention(4th ed.). Retrieved August 29, 2016, from interventionots=gqpuAFBk8ysig=7P6TNLUyZ5xnjbwVFx36VFJD89Aredir_esc=y#v=onepageq=Crisis intervention=false Murphy, S., Irving, C. B., Adams, C. E., Driver, R. (2012). Crisis intervention for people with severe mental illnesses.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd001087.pub4 Myer, R.A. James, R.K. (2005). Crisis intervention workbook and CD-ROM. Belmont, CA: ThomsonBrooks/Cole. Myer, R. A., James, R. K., Moulton, P. (2010). This is Not a Fire Drill; crisis Inter-Vention and prevention on college campus Hoboken, NJ; John Wiley sons doi: 10.1002/9781118269909